The Chubon Family Webpage


Home Biographies Their Journey Their Ships Our Surname Familey Tree
Visiting SK Old Photos Mt. Chubonov Documents Memories Klobasa


The Great Ships that Brought Them to America


Peter's Ship: Kronprinz Wilhelm

Named for the German crown prince, Kronprinz Wilhelm, this passenger liner was built by AG Vulcan in 1901 for the shipping line North German Lloyd. She was one of the largest and most luxurious liners afloat, and was an important part of the North German express team of four-stackers. She was a 14,908-ton vessel 637 ft. long by 66 ft.wide, four funnels, two masts, a twin screw and a service speed of 22 knots. Launched on March 30,1901, she sailed from Bremen, Germany on Sept ber 17th on her maiden voyage to New York. Accommodations on board the liner were divided into three classes: 367 first, 340 second and 1,054 third class passengers. First class contained the most space and included salons of carved wood and magnificent art, suites and staterooms with marble bathrooms and special sitting rooms. A deluxe suite aboard in 1901 could cost as much as $2,000 for a week's crossing. Second class was a modified version of first class, but with far less opulence and space.The steerage quarters, the most profitable to the company, were given the smallest amount of space and certainly the least amount of comfort.

Steerage Accomodations

 For those in steerage, which included most immigrants, the voyage to America could cost as little as $10.The Kronprinz Wilhelm started her last voyage from Bremen to New York on July 21, 1914, and during the night of August 3rd, she was the only German liner to escape from the port of New York upon the outbreak of World War I. She later rendezvoused with a German cruiser near Cuba where she was provided with provisions and outfitted with two 88mm canons. After being fitted as a commerce raider, she captured and sank several merchant ships in the South Atlantic between August 1914 and March 1915. In April, however, with the crew in poor health and in need of desperate repairs, she hobbled into a neutral port on the northeastern coast of America. There American authorities refused to allow the German crew to repair the war damage, and because she was unable to depart within the allowed time, she was interned. When America entered the war in 1917, the ship was refitted, renamed the Von Steuben, and used as a troop transport between America and Europe. At the conclusion of the war she sat and rusted for years and was eventually scrapped in 1923, a sad end to such a proud liner.

The ad below is from the Pecirkuv Narodni kalendar - 1900, published in Prague. It was featured on the back page of the almanac and calendar. F. Missler of Br en made an offer of passage to America, Africa, and Australia from the Port of Bremen, Germany. The ad, in Czech, was targeted for the Czech and Slovak peoples.In the early 1900's there was a wave of immigration from what is now the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic to America and other destinations throughout the world. Featured as the back cover of the almanac, the ad promoted this immigration

. By 1903 the Austro-Hungarian government was making a serious effort to st the tide of igration and passed the Hungarian igration Law of 1903. The igration Law contained some pretty _ measures to slow the immigration from the Austro-Hungarian pire. Ads like this were banned throughout the Austro-Hungarian pire. It became illegal to bring information like this into the Austro-Hungarian pire. Article 46 of the law stated, "Any one who encourages migration at a public meeting by speeches, or by distributing printed matter or pamphlets, or by exhibiting these publicly, shall be punished with imprisonment for not more than two months, and by a fine not exceeding 600 crowns." Taking an ad like this to an inn, meeting place, or church and showing it to other people could land you in jail in Austria-Hungary. 


Before 1820 there was no federal law requiring the recording of passengers arriving in America. However, beginning in 1891, blank passenger lists were printed by the U.S. government and sold to ship companies throughout Europe. These lists were then distributed to the various ports in Europe and were completed by the ship's purser at the port of barkation before the ship sailed. As a result, the printed column headings were in English, but the names appear as the ship's purser penned th on the list. Before the 20th century, most pursers would merely ask the passengers their names and then write th on the list as they sounded. Obviously, the errors that resulted from this practice were predictable, especially with surnames transliterated from non-Latin alphabets, such as Ukrainian, Russian, Chinese, etc. Some pursers, on the other hand, would simply transcribe each passenger's name from passports, travel papers or other forms of identification. This approach se ed to be the common practice beginning in the early 1900's. When Peter arrived in America in 1907, current day Slovakia was part of the Austro-Hungarian pire and still under a Hungarian administration. Hence, he most likely traveled under a Hungarian passport and as such his papers were written in Magyar where a "y" was placed at the end of surnames ending in "n", i.e., Cubony. A review of church documents during the late 1700's to the early 1900's also revealed various spellings of the family surname, i.e., Cubon, Csubony, Csubon, and Cubonik.

Above is Peter’s name, line 25, as it appeared on the passenger manifest of the Kronprinz Wilhelm on October 22, 1907. Also appearing in the manifest are Rosa’s brothers, Jan and Anton Chudej, and Rosa’s brother-in-law, Josef Polka It is thought that the passenger appearing on line 24, Lukas Bielcik-Cilbony (Cubony), was most likely a cousin of Peter’s.

Rosa's ship: Barbarossa


The Barbarossa was a 10,769 gross ton vessel built by Blohm & Voss, Hamburg in 1896 for " lines nglloyd.html" Norddeutscher Lloyd [North Germen Lloyd] a Her details were - length 525ft x beam 60ft, two funnels, two masts, twin screw and a speed of 15 knots. There was accommodation for 230-1st, 227-2nd and 1,935-3rd class passengers. Launched on 5 9 1896 she sailed from Bremen on her maiden voyage to the Suez Canal and Australia on 8 1 1897. She commenced her first transatlantic voyage from Bremen to Southampton and New York on 24 5 1897 and her first voyage from Genoa to Naples and New York on 16 3 1906. Her last run from Bremen to Australia started on 21 12 1910 (11 round voyages) and on 4 9 1912 she commenced her first voyage between Bremen, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore and Galveston. On 6 11 1913 sailed on her last trip between Genoa, Naples and New York (18 round voyages), 30 4 1914 started her last run Bremen - Philadelphia - Baltimore (3 round voyages) and 18 7 1914 last run Bremen - New York. In August she took refuge in New York, due to the outbreak of the Great War and in April 1917 was seized by the USA when America entered the war. She was renamed MERCURY by the US Navy and in 1919, went to the US Shipping Board. In 1920 she went to the Baltic Steamship Corporation but did not actually run for th and in 1924 was scrapped in the USA. [North Atlantic Seaway by N.R.P.Bonsor vol.2,p.559.